What is Depression?

Depression is the most common mental illness in the world where more than 10 million cases have let alone emerged in India. Depression can be noted through abnormal mood disorders which further transfers into feelings of extreme grief and anger. The mood disorders later expand while interfering with a person’s day-to-day activity. These changes are negatively impacted on the person’s life and his/her personal relationships, in worst cases, the person inflicted with depression may suffer different work environment stress affecting their overall health. While for some it can be short lived and for others long term. With extensive research, the major symptom of depression has known to be anhedonia, it simply means loss of interest or a loss of feeling of pleasure in activities that otherwise tend to make people happy. It is said that a depressed mood is a symptom of serious mood disorders like depressive disorder or dysthymia.

Depression, we are saying, is not a disease; it is a natural response to certain types of emotional introspection that result in excessive dreaming.” – Human Givens, 2003, J. Griffin & I. Tyrrell

Clinical cause of depression

Most people believe that depression is wholly and solely caused by some or the other clinical cause. In respect to the clinical cause of depression, the changes in the chemical of the brain may speak in volume.


Clinical Depression has been said to be the major cause of depression. It is caused by a certain chemical imbalance in the brain area. However, drug treatments primarily act upon to fix this issue. While there is a decrease in the number of certain neurotransmitters found in mentally ill people like serotonin and norepinephrine, whereas in some people it is of the normal amount.

Hormonal imbalances

Another cause of clinical depression is the overproduction of stress hormones. And when your body does not act in the same way as your hormones do, there might be a certain imbalance in your body, mind, and hormones.


There is an underlining cause of depression. They can get severe over time and can be biological to circumstantial.

Common causes are:

Genetics: Depression or other mental illness can be passed on from generation to generation. If someone from your family has suffered from depression, you or your future kids are at risk of experiencing the same.

Trauma: Any kind of trauma can put your mental health at risk, some people may have experienced a very dull life during their early childhood. Such traumas can last a lifetime. Your body’s reactors might change within years during stressful situations.

Brain mode: If a certain part of the frontal lobe of your brain is inactive, you are most likely to suffer through mental health disorders.

 Medical conditions: Chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are a few medical conditions that may put you under depression.

Substance abuse: Drug abuse has always remained to be the number one factor behind an underlining depression. Most American teenagers suffer through mental disorders after they have subjected to one or substance abuse.

Internal causes of depression include

 Self-prescribed medications: A lot of young adults chose to self-medicate their mental health to drive away from the questions and stigma surrounding depression. Treating your mental health with self-prescribed medicines is in fashion, and people should take note of the harmful effects it can cause, worst scenario leading to suicide.

Stressful events: Financial issues or loss of a dear one can also cause frequent feelings of sadness.

Symptoms of depression

There are several symptoms that underline the meaning of depression, it is more than just a feeling of despair. However, symptoms of depression may vary from person to person. Some may have a vast impact on your mood, whereas rest can affect you physically. Men, women, and children experience symptoms of depression vary differently.

 Men may experience symptoms like:

 Moods: anger, aggressiveness, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness, etc

Emotional health: feelings of emptiness, despair, hopelessness

Behaviour: loss of interest, tiredness, suicidal thoughts, habitual drinking, substance abuse, etc

 Cognitive tendency: poor concentration, difficulty fulfilling tasks, slow speed in conversing

 Sleep patterns: insomnia, upside-down sleep pattern, inability to sleep, etc

 Physical health: fatigue, headache, digestive problems, and other physical problems, etc. Whereas women may tend to experience symptoms such as: unpredictable Moods such as irritability

Emotional health: feelings of sadness or emptiness, anxiousness or hopelessness, etc

 Behaviour: loss of interest, withdrawal from socializing, suicidal thoughts

 Cognitive tendency: slow conversing with people

 Sleep patterns: difficulty sleeping or excessive sleep

Physical health: low energy, fatigue, appetite fluctuations, changes in weight, body aches, headaches, increase in cramps

Children may tend to experience symptoms like:

Moods: irritability, extreme anger, unpredictable mood swings, crying out loud and without any reason

Emotional health:  sadness or crying

Behaviour: risky behaviour at school, involving into fists at school and not wanting to go to school at all, avoiding friends or siblings, etc

 Cognitive tendency: difficulty in concentration, no interest in school activities, low grades, declined school performance

 Sleep patterns: disturbed sleep pattern, difficulty sleeping or excessive sleep

Physical health: less energy, digestive issues, fluctuations in appetite, etc


If you undergo feelings such as unidentified sadness or feel isolated and alone then it is important to seek help. And if you find yourself persistently experiencing these feelings, then you must identify that this is not normal. In case you find someone close to you in the same situation, then it is important that you encourage him/her to seek counselling. Millions of people going through mental disorders do not have anyone seeking emotional support and help. If you are stuck with feeling disastrous all by yourself, counselling is the only solution to fight against this feeling.


In the trying times like the current on-going pandemic coronavirus (COVID-19), a lot of people who are otherwise happy have been feeling not so alright as the situation has made them feel lonely and lost. If you do not have anybody to talk to or share your feelings with, therapists are just a call away to fix your issue. Therapists are the only people that can put your mental pain at ease.  Therapists are professional go-to problem solvers.

Therapeutic route (What will be done in Counselling Sessions?)

Since many people have become wholly dependent on two types of counselling: online and Tele counselling, this will help you find solace and guide you in the future. While not everyone is comfortable visiting a clinic and having a one-on-one conversation with a physical therapist, online and Tele counselling are the best ways to beat any mental disorder you may suffer from. Your video therapist will see you, solve your emotional distress via a telephonic conversation, or have your problems typed to the therapist in short (chat with the counsellor).

 Takeaways from the session

At the Therapy-one-on-one session, you will feel more energized and regain self-worth and hope that you need to fight the daily struggles. These sessions are there to help you feel alive again and live your life without feelings of despair, guilt, and hopelessness. At most, you will have someone to talk to and have the emotional support you longed for quite a long time.


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